Related State Laws

19 states have enacted laws based on the original Toxics in Packaging model, which prohibits intentional use of the four heavy metals. The 2021 update of the model legislation developed by TPCH is a tool any state may use to regulate contaminants in packaging. A state would need to adopt all or part of the updated model for it to be an enforceable law in their state. No state has amended its current toxics in packaging law to add the updated model legislation language in its entirety. Some states have adopted certain provisions of the 2021 model legislation. Listed below is detailed information about recent related legislative activity in U.S. states.

TPCH Member States

California enacted a separate law,  AB 1200, in 2021, which also restricts PFAS compounds in plant based packaging. https://openstates.org/ca/bills/20212022/AB1200/.

Connecticut amended their toxics in packaging law in 2021 by prohibiting perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) in food packaging. The new law will become effective on December 31, 2023. Here is a link to the information from SGS: https://www.sgs.com/en/news/2021/07/safeguards-09421-state-of-connecticut-usa-bans-pfas-in-food-packaging.

Rhode Island amended their toxics in packaging law in 2022. House bill H7438Sub A/Senate bill S2044 Sub A was signed by the RI Governor on 6/29/22 prohibiting the sale or promotional distribution of any food package which contains PFAS, effective January 1, 2024.

http://webserver.rilin.state.ri.us/BillText/BillText22/HouseText22/H7438A.pdf

http://webserver.rilin.state.ri.us/BillText/BillText22/SenateText22/S2044A.pdf

Maryland In 2022, the Maryland Legislature enacted House Bill 275, adding a number of requirements regarding PFAS-containing materials, including fire-fighting foam and personal protective equipment, rugs and carpets, and food packaging materials.  The law added requirements to existing statutes that addressed the content of heavy metals in food packaging materials, and prohibits the manufacturing, sale, or distribution of PFAS that were knowingly added to materials designed and intended for direct food content as of January 1, 2024.  https://mgaleg.maryland.gov/2022RS/bills/hb/hb0275E.pdf

Minnesota In 2021 the Minnesota Legislature enacted a law phasing out the use of PFAS family chemicals in food packaging, effective 1/1/24.  Packaging subject to the phaseout is defined as:

(b) “Food package” means a container applied to or providing a means to market, protect, handle, deliver, serve, contain, or store a food or beverage. Food package includes:

(1) a unit package, an intermediate package, and a shipping container;

(2) unsealed receptacles, such as carrying cases, crates, cups, plates, bowls, pails, rigid foil and other trays, wrappers and wrapping films, bags, and tubs; and

(3) an individual assembled part of a food package, such as any interior or exterior blocking, bracing, cushioning, weatherproofing, exterior strapping, coatings, closures, inks, and labels.

The law is separate from the state’s Toxics in Packaging law (115A.965) and can be found in Section 325F.075

New York In December 2020, New York amended their Hazardous Packaging Act (Environmental Conservation Law Article 37, Title 2) to restrict the sale, offering for sale, or distribution of food packaging with intentionally added per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS). The amendments become effective December 31, 2022. More details on the implementation of the law are available on NYSDEC’s website.

Washington In 2018, Washington State amended their existing Toxics in Packaging Law (https://app.leg.wa.gov/rcw/default.aspx?cite=70A.222) to include a ban on PFAS in food packaging. The amendment required the completion of an alternatives assessment (https://www.ezview.wa.gov/site/alias__1962/37610/pfas_in_food_packaging_alternatives_assessment.aspx) to identify and evaluate feasible and safer products. A two-part phaseout of certain plant-based food packaging begins in February of 2023.

Compliance Deadline #1 – February 1, 2023

Intentionally added PFAS in any amount is prohibited in these types of plant-fiber based food service items as defined in https://app.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=70A.222.010:

  • Wraps and liners
  • plates
  • food boats
  • pizza boxes

 

All manufacturers, distributors and retailers of food packaging are required to comply. Certificates of Compliance (COC) are required only for manufacturers https://app.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=70A.222.040. The sample COC will be available soon.

Compliance Deadline #2 – May 1, 2024

Intentionally added PFAS in any amount is prohibited in these types of plant-fiber based food service items as defined in https://app.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=70A.222.010:

  • Bags and sleeves
  • Bowls
  • Flat serviceware, which includes items like plates and trays
  • Open-top containers, which includes items like French fry cartons and food cups
  • Closed containers, which includes items like clamshells

 

All manufacturers, distributors and retailers of food packaging are required to comply. Certificates of Compliance are required only for manufacturers https://app.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=70A.222.040. The sample COC will be available soon.

 

 

Cleaner Packaging, Cleaner World